Call for Papers: Entrepreneurship and inequality in emerging economies


Entrepreneurship may contribute to improving economic growth and development by reducing inequality and exclusion (Apetrei et al., 2019; Auguste, 2021). In many emerging economies, entrepreneurship and SMEs have been shown to contribute to socio-economic development through job creation, economic growth and more equal income distribution (Bruton et al., 2021; Urban, 2020). The potential positive relationship between economic inequality and entrepreneurship is likely because the same socio-economic dynamics that increase a country’s levels of economic inequality may also result in increased entrepreneurial activity (Jung et al., 2018; Lecuna, 2019; Xie et al., 2022).

A critical analysis of the literature highlights that while research on the relationship between inequality and entrepreneurship is growing, findings are generally mixed.  Studies are emerging which show that high levels of wealth inequality prohibit fewer wealthy individuals from engaging in entrepreneurial activity, while it allows the wealthy to garner the necessary resources to invest in entrepreneurial activities (Michie, 2018; Sakar et al., 2018).

Furthermore, the association between inequality, entrepreneurship and the rate of economic growth remains a controversial topic with inconsistencies in the results reported in many empirical and theoretical studies. For instance, despite various factors investigated, such as infrastructure development and urbanisation, which are hypothesised to effect inequality, researchers find no evidence of causality from any of the variables toward the inequality or vice-versa (Bruton et al., 2021; Xavier-Oliveira et al., 2015).

Consequently, it is important that research considers the variety of ‘possible intended and unintended consequences of supporting the reduction of inequality’ (Michie, 2018). Additionally, it is important that policy delivers the intended outcome of reducing inequality while increasing entrepreneurial activity that does not require or create even more inequality (Auguste, 2021; Urban, 2020).

List of topic areas

  • The complex causal relationship between entrepreneurship and inequality in emerging economies.
  • The impact of entrepreneurship on inequality (and vice-versa) at the macro, regional and micro levels in emerging economies.
  • Contextualising inequality in terms of income, wealth, consumption, and opportunity trends in emerging economies.
  • An interdisciplinary understanding of inequality in each country context of how entrepreneurship can be fostered.
  • The heterogeneity among emerging economies contexts in terms of inequality and entrepreneurship.
  • Entrepreneurship and the impact on gender equality and social mobility.
    Mechanisms through which entrepreneurship can impact inequality.
  • Economic inequality and its effects on the decision making of entrepreneurs in emerging economies.
  • Various forms of entrepreneurship (high-growth, replicative, social entrepreneurship, technopreneurs) and how they lead to different entrepreneurship-inequality outcomes.

Please visit the Emerald website for further details.